With its vast cultural heritage, New Guinea island holds some of the most prominent art in Oceania. New Guinean artwork is diverse and complicated.
The sheer diversity of ethnic groups present in the area have led to several distinctive styles of cultural expression, from art and architecture to music and weaponry.
Conventional African and Oceanic art of New Guinea falls beneath the increased classification of Oceanic art –art produced by the indigenous peoples of those Pacific Islands and Australia.
Image Source: Google
The first examples of artwork in New Guinea have been considered to have emerged around 1500 BCE in the kind of ancient Oceanic sculptures.
The sculptures, found across the island but mostly from the mountainous highlands, initially appeared as rock figures that required the form of mortars, pestles, or freestanding amounts. Imagery like birds, individual minds, or geometric patterns were carved onto the shirts of pestles or mortars.
While the first significance of those pieces is unknown, they might have been employed in the context of rituals.
The region of New Guinea is may be the most famously known for its heritage in wood carvings, that can be particularly widespread along the Sepik River of New Guinea (an Oceanic nation) that occupies the southern half of the island of New Guinea.
Elaborate carvings took the form of sculptures, vases, canoes, drums, and storyboards, a lot of which can be seen in overseas museums nowadays.